SPROUT policy brief: Urban space allocation for supporting and regulating shared mobility services for intermodality

Urban space is a scarce resource in cities worldwide. With new emerging technologies and new habits that are developing around active mobility, the re-structuring and re-allocation of this urban space is becoming more and more critical. However, this can lead to numerous questions and difficulties: How much space to re-allocate? How to decide whom to re-allocate it to? How to account for private actors on public land? Additionally, over the last years, mostly privately-operated rental systems for micro-vehicles, bicycles and other vehicles have proliferated in cities around the world at an astonishing pace. Those new mobility solutions will stay, and cities must cope with them. Implemented in the right way, (shared) micro-vehicles1 can contribute to reducing air and noise pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, congestion, and the highly inefficient use of scarce urban space.
This SPROUT policy brief, therefore, explores policy options for cities to re-allocate urban space and integrate active and shared mobility forms beneficially into the urban mobility system. Main sources to which this policy brief refers are the SPROUT pilot projects on micro-mobility points in Budapest and on the provision of secure bike parking facilities at public transport stations in Valencia.